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Cumberland to temporary hovels for the shelter of shepherds, and
possibly also for their sheep, as in Germany.

An illustration of a Scandinavian example (Fig. 5) from
Jemtland is reproduced here; the slanting poles which form the
rafters are crossed at their summits, and so form a fork in which
the ridge-pole is fitted, an idea obtained from the forked ends of
the upright posts‘. The illustration (Fig. 6) shows a Belgian
example which the writer found and photographed at Huttegem,
near Audenarde. It was used as a little store for the farm, and

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Fig. 5. A Scandinavian ‘skali’ from Jemtland. The roof
rests directly on the ground without side walls.

when the photograph was taken, it had just been put up by the
farmer sitting in the front. He had formed it of light sapling
boughs and covered it with tiles and thatch. The roof surface is
curved and a masons’ lodge, similarly constructed, but of larger
size, is shown on a carving on a house at Middelburg, Holland,
dated 1590”. Perhaps it was to a similar building that Wm
Horman referred, when he wrote in the year 1519, ‘ His house
hath a ridge like a shypp’s bottom".’

1 Reproduced by permission from Herr K. Rhamm’s Urzeitlz'c/ze Bauern/uyé.
'3 Sydney R. Jones, Old Home: in Holland, p. 116. 3 Vulgarz'a, p. 244.

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