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IV] CURVED TREE PRINCIPALS 43

or even brick, walls in later times (Figs. 15 and 16), and this has
occurred, not only about Sheffield, but in other districts also.
Canon J. C. Atkinson describes the buildings on crucks at
Danby-in-Cleveland, where the crucks are known as ‘forks‘.’
They fail of being quite rectilineal throughout their length:
four feet up is a curve, as in the timber of the stern of a boat,
which allows a much steeper slope than if in one and the same
straight line. From the curve ‘the rafters are straight all the

 

Fig. 17. House ‘I)ike Side,’ Midhope, South
Yorkshire (see also Figs. 18, 19 and 20).

way to the ridge-piece, and with the old tie-beam would form
an almost exact equilateral triangle.’ Dr Atkinson considered
that it was ‘obtrusively plain’ that the existing side walls were
an afterthought and that the buildings were of three periods; the
crucks themselves were ‘four, or maybe five, centuries old,’ the
later alterations to give more space dated from the middle of the
seventeenth century, and the side walls were of a date intermediate
between the crucks and the alterations. In South Yorkshire

1 Forty Years in a Maw/and Paris/z, p. 25.

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