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1v] CURVED TREE PRINCIPALS 47

with pynnes of yron and of wodde that it shall laste as longe as
the tymber selfe.’ The pins or pegs in the buildings lmve lasted
‘ as longe as the tymber selfe,’ and are as firm as on the day when
they were put in. When the building on crucks at Little Atter-
clifi'e, near Sheffield (Fig. 11), was to be pulled down, stout iron
chains were fastened to the opposite feet of the pairs of crucks:

 

Fig. 21. Barn at Cowley Manor, South Yorkshire, in process
of demolition. The building is locally said to have been
built, by a lady in the fourteenth century, to serve as a
chapel.

then horses were attached to the chains, and pulled in opposite
directions but the chains broke, before the wooden pins.

There is considerable variety in the shapes of the crucks in the
Sheffield district, and it is unusual to find all the crucks exactly alike
in the same building. As the country was heavily wooded, it is
evident that an unfeeling regularity was not sought for by the

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