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1v] CURVED TREE PRINCIPALS 49

methods of fitting the tops of the crucks together to form a
support for the ridge; there is, firstly, a type with the crucks
roughly halved together, and projecting sufficiently for the ridge-
piece to lie in the fork made by the crossing of their ends. The
ridge-piece is fitted in this way in all the Welsh examples described
by Messrs Hughes and North‘, and the writer believes that it is

' ‘ . .< . ‘ ___.- _-_.,:.__ ‘ ...,.
- "’

 

Fig. 23. Barn at Dwarriden, Ewden, South Yorkshire, with crucks
of a. reversed ogee shape, and a collar slightly above the level
of the purlins.

the oldest form. A recently destroyed barn on crucks at the
remote hamlet of Upper Midhope, South Yorkshire, had its ridge
formed in this manner and it was the most archaic in appearance
of any timber building which the writer has ever seen. In a
variety of this a piece was cut out of the end of each cruck to form
an artificial or partial fork, as at Little Atterclifi'e.

1 01d Collages of Smnva’mzz'a, p. 7 et seq.
I. B. C. 4

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