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VI] FULLY DEVELOPED TIMBER BUILDINGS 79

and truss building are shown separated, but in their correct vertical
positions, in Fig. 38 from Dove Hill Houses, Endcliffe, Sheffield,
which were destroyed a few years ago and measured at the time by
the writer. The timberwork had been cased in walls for a hundred
years or so, and so had been well preserved. It will be readily
noticed that these joints are much more elaborate than the simple
notchings and 'halvings of the cruck buildings. The Dove Hill
houses in process of demolition are shown in Fig. 39 and their

 

Fig. 40. Ruined cottage near Firth Park, Sheffield,
showing typical post and truss construction.

general appearance may be compared with the typical buildings on
crucks shown in earlier illustrations. Another Sheffield cottage of
the same type is shown. in Fig. 40.

The roof trusses have tie-beams and principal rafters, but their
other parts vary, and may be grouped into three principal types.
In the first type, as at Dove Hill houses, there are the so-called
king-posts of modern treatises on building construction. At Dove
Hill the king-post had two clefts in the top which gave it the
appearance of a gigantic three-pronged wooden fork. The ridge
piece was placed upright in section and not diagonally, and a

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