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186 SLATED ROOFS [cm

‘cum tegulis Anglice sclatestones" and in the contemporary
Cat/calico” Anglican: ‘ a telestane’ that is, a tile stone, is translated
‘tegula,’ and ‘to tele’ is ‘tegulare, tegulis operire,’ meaning to
tile, to work with tiles; and in the same century in the Promp-
torium Parvzctomm ‘ymbrex,’ another Latin word for roof tile, is
given as the equivalent of ‘slatstone.’

The history of the manufacture of tiles for roofs in this
country is obscure. The roof tiles used by the Romans in Britain
were of Italian pattern and left no descendants in later times,
and it is uncertain when the manufacture of the plain tiles used in
the medizeval buildings of England was begun. The Statute of
Edward IV in the year I477, which regulated the sizes of bricks,
also regulated the sizes of tiles. The size of each was to be
at least 101} in. by 6} in. by .g in. This size was retained by Acts
of George I and George II several centuries later”. Probably the
old tiles were baked not far away from the place where they were
to be used, but the local character of tiling has been destroyed in
modern times by the cheapness produced by manufacture on a
large scale and the modern facilities for carriage, which has
permitted the manufacturers, in places favoured by Nature, to
send their goods all over the country, and so squeeze out the small
local manufacturers. In the suburbs of any large modern town
it is now possible to see in one road tiles from different English
manufactories; on one house they may be of a bright red colour,
while on another and more recent house the tiles may have been
quickly toned by the weather to a fictitious appearance of age.

An extended use of tiles accompanied the renaissance of brick-
work in the so-called Queen Anne style, which was based on the
domestic architecture of the counties about London. The renais-
sance of brickwork led also to the use of tiles in districts to which
they are unsuited by climate, etc., as the borders of the West
Yorkshire moorlands. Tiles were formerly a vernacular material,
but even in South-West Surrey they were preceded by thatch and
Horsham slates, as Mr Ralph Nevill has shown. Now they are
used in the best domestic work, and considerable care is taken
in the manufacture to produce an ‘artistic’ appearance. It is
doubtful whether the old craftsmen did more than attempt to

l H. Ling Roth, York/tire Coiners, p. 155.
2 Dictionary (ft/1c Architectural Publication Society, 5.71. Plain 'l‘ile.

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