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36 LORD CLIVE.

amusement to torture beasts and birds; and’ When.he grew
up, he enjoyed with still keener relish the misery of h1S fellow-
creatures.
From a child Surajah Dowlah had hated the English It
was his whim to do so; and his whims were never 0PP°5ed-
He had also formed a very exaggerated I10ti0D Of the Wealth
which might be obtained by plundering them; and his feeble
and uncultivated mind was incapable of perceiving that the
riches of Calcutta, had they been even greater than he ima-
gined, would not compensate him for what he must lose, if T the
European trade, of which Bengal was a chief seat, should be
driven by his violence to some other quarter. Pretexts for a
quarrel were readily found. The English, in expectation of a
war with France, had begun to fortify their settlement with-
out special permission from the Nabob. A rich native Whom
he longed to plunder, had taken refuge at Calcutta, and had
not been delivered up. On such grounds as these Surajah
Dowlah marched with a great army against Fort William.
The servants of the Company at Madras had been forced by
Dupleix to become statesmen and soldiers. Those in Bengal
were still mere traders, and were terrified and bewildered by
the approaching danger. The governor, who had heard much
of Surajah Dowlah’s cruelty, was frightened_ out of his wits,
jumped into a boat, and took refuge in the nearest ship. The
military commandant thought that he could not do better than
follow so gciod an example. The fort was taken after a feeble
resistance; and great numbers of the English fell into the
hands of the conquerors. rfhe Nabob seated himself with
regal pomp in the principal hall of the factory, and ordered
Mr. Holwell, the first in rank among the prisoners, to be
brought before him. His Highness talked about the insolence
of the English, and grumbled at the smallness of the treasure
which he had found; but promised to spare their lives, and
xetired to rest.

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