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he was still able to oppose to them their French rivals. The
French were now vanquished; and he began to regard the
English with still greater fear and still greater hatred. His
weak and unprincipled mind oscillated between servility and
insolence. One day he sent a large sum to Calcutta, as part of
the compensation due for the wrongs which he had committed.
The next day he sent a present of jewels to Bussy, exhorting
that distinguished oflicer to hasten to protect Bengal “ against
Clive, the daring in war, on whom,” says his Highness, “ may
all bad fortune attend.” He ordered his army to march against
the English. He countermanded his orders. He tore Clive’s
letters. He then sent answers in the most florid language of
compliment. He ordered Watts out of his presence, and
threatened to impale him. He again sent for Watts, and
begged pardon for the insult. In the mean time, his wretched
maladministration, his folly, his dissolute manners, and his love
of the lowest company, had disgusted all classes of his subjects,
soldiers, traders, civil functionaries, the proud and ostentatious
Mahommedans, the timid, supple, and parsimonious Hindoos.
A formidable confederacy was formed against him, in which
were included Roydullub, the minister of finance, Meer Jaflier,
the principal commander of the troops, and Jugget Seit, the
richest banker in India. The plot was confided to the English
agents, and a communication was opened between the mal-
contents at Moorshedahad and the committee at Calcutta.

In the committee there was much hesitation; but Clive’s
voice was given in favour of the conspirators, and his vigour
and firmness bore down all opposition. It was determined
that the English should lend their powerful assistance to
depose Surajah Dowlah, and to place Meer Jaflier on the
throne of Bengal. In return, Meer Jaflier promised ample
compensation to the Company and its servants, and a liberal
donative to the army, the navy, and the committee. The
odious vices of Surajah Dowlah, the wrongs which the Eng-

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