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WARREN HASTINGS. 11

intellectual enjoyment, and for new views of government and
society. Perhaps, like most persons who have paid much attention
to departments of knowledge which lie out of the common track,
he was inclined to overrate the value of his favourite studies. He
conceived that the cultivation of Persian literature might with
advantage be.made a part of the liberal education of an English
gentleman ; and he drew up a. plan with that view. It is said that
the University of Oxford, in which Oriental learning had never,
since the revival of letters, been wholly neglected, was to be the
seat of the institution which he contemplated. An endowment
was expected from the munificence of the Company: and profes-
sors thoroughly competent to interpret Hafiz and Ferdusi were to
be engaged in the East. Hastings called on Johnson, with the
hope, as it should seem, of interesting in this project a man who
enjoyed the highest literary reputation, and who was particularly
connected with Oxford. The interview appears to have left on
Johnson’s mind a most favourable impression of the talents and
attainments of his visiter. Long after, when Hastings was ruling
the immense population of British India, the old philosopher wrote
to him, and referred in the most courtly terms, though with great
dignity, to their short but agreeable intercourse.

Hastings soon began to look again towards India. He had
little to attach him to England; and his pecuniary embarrass-
ments were great. He solicited his old masters the Directors for
employment. They acceded to his request, with high compliments
both to his abilities and to his integrity, and appointed him a
Member of Council at Madras. It would be unjust not to mention
that, though forced to borrow money for his outfit, he did not
withdraw any portion of the sum which he had appropriated to
the relief of his distressed relations. In the spring of 1769 he
embarked on board of the Duke of Grafton, and commenced a
voyage distinguished by incidents which might furnish matter for
a novel. '

Among the passengers in the Duke of Grafton was a German
of the name of Imhoff. He called himself a Baron; but he was
in distressed circumstances, and was going out to Madras as a
portrait-painter, in the hope of picking up some of the pagodas
which were then lightly got and as lightly spent by the English
in India. The Baron was accompanied by his wife, a native, we
have somewhere read, of ArchangeL This young woman who,

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