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WARREN HASTINGS. 39

of Hastings in a minority than that of Francis in a majority, and
that he who was so venturous as to join in running down the
Governor-Greneral might chance, in the phrase of the Eastern
poet, to find a tiger, while beating the jungle for a deer. The
voices of a thousand informers were silenced in an instant. From
that time, whatever difficulties Hastings might have to encounter,
he was never molested by accusations from natives of India.

It is a remarkable circumstance that one of the letters of
Hastings to Dr. Johnson bears date a very few hours after the
death of Nuncomar. While the whole settlement was in commo-
tion, while a mighty and ancient priesthood were weeping over
the remains of their chief, the conqueror in that deadly grapple
sat down, with characteristic self-possession, to write about the
Tour to the Hebrides, J ones’s Persian Grammar, and the history,
traditions, arts, and natural productions of India.

In the mean time, intelligence of the Rohilla war, and of the
first disputes between Hastings and his colleagues, had reached
London. The Directors took part with the majority, and sent out
a letter filled with severe reflections on the conduct of Hastings.
They condemned, in strong but just terms, the iniquity of under-
taking offensive wars merely for the sake of pecuniary advantage.
But they utterly forgot that, if Hastings had by illicit means
obtained pecuniary advantages, he had done so, not for his own
benefit, but in order to meet their demands. To enjoin honesty,
and to insist on having what could not be honestly got, was
then the constant practice of the Company. As Lady Macbeth
says of her husband, they “ would not play false, and yet would
wrongly win.”

The Regulating Act, by which Hastings had been appointed
Governor-General for five years, empowered the Crown to remove
him on an address from the Company. Lord North was desirous
to procure such an address. The three members of Council who
had been sent out from England were men of his own choice.
General Clavering, in particular, was supported by a large parlia-
mentary connexion, such as no cabinet could be inclined to
disoblige. The wish of the minister was to displace Hastings, and
to put Clavering at the head of the government. In the Court
of Directors parties were very nearly balanced. Eleven voted
against Hastings; ten for him. The Court of Proprietors was

then convened.’ The great sale-room presented a singular ap-
c 4

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