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London, composed in part of the aristocracy of rank,
while the audience just referred to is composed wholly of
the aristocracy of labor. As regards attention and cour-
tesy to the lecturer, neither of these audiences has any
thing to learn of the other; neither can claim superiority
over the other. I do not, however, think that it would
be quite correct to take those persons who flock to the
School of Mines as average samples of their class; they
are probably picked men—the aristocracy of labor, as I have
just called them. At all events, their conduct demonstrates
that the essential qualities of a gentleman are confined
to no class, and they have often raised in my mind the
wish that the gentlemen of all classes, artisans as well as
lords, could, by some process of selection, be sifted from
the general mass of the community, and caused to know
each other better.

When pressed some months ago by the Council of the
British AssociatiOn to give an evening lecture to the work-
ing—men of Dundee, my experience of the working-men of
London naturally rose to my mind; and, though heavily
weighted with other duties, I could not bring myself to de-
cline the request of the Council. Hitherto, the evening
discourses of the Association have been delivered before
its members and associates alone. But after the meeting
at Nottingham, last year, where the working-men, at their
own request, were addressed by our late President, Mr.
Grove, and by my excellent friend Professor Huxley, the
idea rose of incorporating with all subsequent meetings of
the Association an address to the working-men of the town
in which the meeting is held. A resolution to that effect
was sent to the Committee of Recommendations; the com-
mittee supported the resolution; the Council Of the Asso-
ciation ratified the decision of the committee; and here I
am to carry out to the best of my ability their united

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