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VITALITY. 4 1 5

stand before us as a sentient thinking being? There seems
no valid reason to believe that it would not. Or, supposing
a planet carved from the sun, and set Spinning round an
axis, and revolving round the sun at a distance from him
equal to that of our earth, would one of the consequences
of its refrigeration be the development of organic forms?
I lean to the affirmative. Structural forces are certainly
in the mass, whether or not those forces reach to the extent
of forming a plant or an animal. In an amorphous drOp of
water lie latent all the marvels of crystalline force; and
who will set limits to the possible play of molecules in a
cooling planet? If these statements startle, it is because
matter has been defined and maligned by philosophers and
the010gians who were equally unaware that it is, at bottom,
essentially mystical and transcendental.

Questions such as these derive their present interest in
great part- from their audacity, which is sure, in due time, to
disappear. And the sooner the public dread is abolished
with reference to such questions the better for the cause of
truth. As regards knowledge, physical science is polar.
In one sense it knows, or is destined to know, every thing.
In another sense it knows nothing. Science knows much
of this intermediate phase, of things that we call Nature, of
which it is the product; but science knows nothing of the
origin or destiny of Nature. Who or what made the sun,
and gave his rays their alleged power ? Who or what made
and bestowed upon the ultimate particles of matter their
wondrous power of varied interaction ? Science does not
know: the mystery, though pushed back, remains unaltered.
To many of us who .feel that there are more things in
heaven and earth than are dreamt of in the present phi-
los0phy of science, but who have been also taught, by
baffled efforts, how vain is the attempt to grapple with
the inscrutable, the ultimate frame of mind is that of

Goethe :

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