Previous Index Next
Page 35
(previous) (Page 000035) (next)
 
III] PRIMITIVE FORMS OF BUILDING 21

villages of Salling and Herning, the single high posts are replaced
alternatively by pairs of posts, with their feet apart, but meeting at
the ridge: from this they are known in Danish as ‘Straeksuler,’
or ‘ Stridsuler ’—that is, stretching or striding siles or posts. They
are said to be very superior to the single-, or high-post buildings
in resisting storms. The single upright columns are known as
‘Skraasuler’—that is, upright siles or columns.

Mr Bernhard Olsen describes their construction as follows :—
‘The perpendicular posts (“skraasuler”) are placed in a row
alternately with the raking posts (“stridsuler”), then the ridge-
beam is placed in position on them; after this the horizontal
tie-beam is fixed, and the rafters are laid, and finally the studs
(“ stolper”) are placed to form the wall.’ It is important to notice
that the walls are the last part of the building to be constructed.
The illustrations (Fig. 4, opposite) show two complete cross-
sections and a portion of a long section of a barn at Herning, in
middle Jutland, with the ‘skraasuler’ alternating with the ‘strid-
suler.’ Although this arrangement is an improvement in con-
struction, it is no improvement in convenience, for the ‘stridsuler,’
alternating with the ‘skraasuler,’ must form a kind of gigantic
c/zeveux de frz'se on the floor of the barn. The barn at Herning
was built in the year 1802, and other buildings constructed in this
primitive manner are of an even later date. The writer is not aware
of the use of this form of construction in England, or elsewhere
than in Jutland, but it is interesting as a stage in the develop-
ment of construction, in the progress to higher forms.

A lean-to of boards which the writer has seen in a photograph
of a scene in Dalmatia showed a connection between the old lean-to,
earliest of all attempts at building, and the forked posts. The
lean-to was formed by boards, of which the lower ends rested on
the ground and the upper ends were supported by a ‘ridge-pole.’
The ends of the pole were, in their turn, dropped in to the forked
ends of upright posts. The rectangular hut, such as the Welsh
‘ hafod,’ may be considered as an obvious development of such a
lean-to.

In North Wales the writer has found a tradition that the Welsh
word ‘ ty,’ meaning house, gave the name to the letter ‘T,’ because
the early form of the letter was like a house with sloping sides and
a central post or fork running up to the ridge. '

Houses are often represented on tombs or gravestones, and the

Previous Index Next