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x] WALLS 141

The materials used for daub and plaster were closely similar to
those used for mortar, and the statement previously made as to
lime in mortar also applies to its use in plastering. It is said that
earth of any kind that would set was used for the ‘stud and mud ’
of Leicestershire, and at Skirlaugh, in that county, all the cottages
built before the nineteenth century have stud and mud walls. The
walls of the outshot of a cottage at North Meols, West Lancashire,


Fig. 48. Partition on the ground floor of Oxspriug
Lodge, Penistone. Thin roofing stones, known
locally as grey slates, are fixed in grooves on
the edges of the upright studs.

have been described by Mr Addy. ‘The posts or studs stand
close together, and the walls are plastered by clay mixed with
straw to the depth of an inch, the plaster being covered by
several coats of white lime. This kind of building is known in
Lancashire as “clam, staff, and daub’.”’ The clay used for these
clay walls was trodden by men with their feet, and mixed with
the star grass which grows on the sand hills”. In South Yorkshire

1 Evolution (3/ Me Eng/1:12 Home, p. 44. There is an illustration of the outshot on

the preceding page (43).
2 Ibid. p. 47.

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