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x] WALLS 143

When stone walls superseded wattle in North Wales the stones
were at first daubed like the wattle with a mixture of clay and
cow dung]. This had a wider range than North Wales and in
England such important buildings as the churches were often
daubed or plastered in the Middle Ages. As an instance the
church of St Michael, Bath, in the year I 394, was daubed with lime
and sand both inside and out (‘ tam infra quam extra2 ’).

According to Mr Bankart the English-made plaster which
succeeded the stucco-duro of the Italians in East Anglia, contained
a certain amount of cow dung and road scrapings3. Batty Langley,

'— ....— _____ . - _._ _ - _ -7 __... - -——‘


Fig. 49. Cottages at Scarrington, Nottinghamshire. The walls are about
two feet thick constructed of slabs of dried mud, plastered over
with mud.

in his London Prices, I 750, states that in pargetting about one-
fourth part of dung was used which was incorporated with the
lime by well beating it‘. In this the English plasterers were only
following the English tradition, for the use of cow dung is old and
widespread, and it has excellent setting properties. It is still used
in out-of-the-way parts of North Derbyshire as a material for
parging flues and chimneys. R. Holme in his Academy of Armory,
published in 1688, calls mortar mixed with dung for lines ‘ pergery

1 H. L. North, Old C/mrc/ze: of Arlieclzwedd.

2 Proceedings qf t/ze Seltzersetslzire A rclurolqgriral and Natural M's/07y Society, [877—80.
3 Art of tlze Plasterer, p. 57.

4 Dictionary of Me Architectural Publication Society, 3.7). Parget.

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