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Furze and materials other than wood—Loose doors—Single board doors—
Battens or ledges and their descent—The panel door—The heck door—
The folding door—The door bar—Bolts and snecks—The harr and the
hinge—Bands and hooks.

Openings are necessary in a building for various purposes, as
for the occupiers to go in and out, for the admission of light and
air, and for the discharge of smoke. Of these openings the first
is the most important; the method of closing it, usually by a door,
is described in this chapter.

One of the most primitive forms of door—if such it can be
called—in historic times, was the bundle of furze which was used
in the cottages of the Isle of Man ‘ from the scarcity of wood in
the Island‘.’ .

The earliest doors were loose, and there was no fastening at all
to the door of the South Yorkshire charcoal burners’ hut described
in the second chapter. When the structure was unoccupied, the
door was leaned against a post in front of the doorway outside, and
the foot of the door rested against two wooden pegs driven into
the ground, as shown in Fig. 62. When the men were inside, and
wished to close the door, they simply pulled it over from the
position shown, against the opening, for there was neither hinge
nor handle. The expression ‘put t’ duur i’ t’ hoile’ (put the door
in the hole), used in Sheffield with the meaning of shut the door, is
a survival from the time when doors were loose. A post before
a doorway, for the door to be leaned against, was possibly used
in more permanent buildings, as in a late mediaeval Latin and
English dictionary there occurs ‘a stoup before a door.’ 'In the
Manx ‘keeills’ or small early churches, ‘two instances are

1 A. W. Moore, Folk-Lore of the Isle (3/ Man, p. iv.

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