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XIV] DOORS 237

seen above that this method of the hole in the door was used to
open the sliding bar or lock from the outside.

The third method is to bore a small hole in the door, thrOugh
which is passed a string, with its end tied to the latch inside. "The
latch is lifted by pulling the string. In the folk-tale of Little Red
Riding Hood a bobbin was attached to the string outside. In
Shropshire it is called a ‘clicket,’ in Yorkshire and Lancashire
a ‘sneck-band,’ and in Cumberland a ‘ snecket’: owing to changes,
and the absence of literary standardisation, however, the meanings
of these words, and others connected with door fastenings are not
fixed. Whitaker says of the west wing of Samlesbury Hall, built
in the year 1532, that, ‘Although the building of it must almost
have laid prostrate a forest, yet the inner doors are without panel
or lock, and have always been opened, like those of modern
cottages, with a latch and string‘.’ Thus when Whitaker wrote,
in the year 1818, the method of opening cottage doors was that
which had been used in mansions some three hundred years before,
an example of that descent in the social scale of building methods,
which has been often mentioned in this book. The string method
of opening doors is still resorted to in out-of-the-way places2.

In cottages without locks, in the North, the snecks were made
secure and prevented from being raised by the insertion of a piece
of wood or iron in the staple. This was called a ‘snib ’: the door
-was said to be ‘snecked’ when the latch was merely closed, and
‘ snibbed ’ when it could not be opened from the outside.

Thus, from the simple door-bar, spar or stang, may be traced,
step by step, the descent of the various simple latches and locks,
and probably also the framed door itself.

At the present time we look upon locks and bolts and latches
as distinct, but that was not the case in the period when they were
being evolved, as- the contemporary glossaries show. The word
‘lock ’ was used for the securing of a, door in any manner, and even
nowadays, to lock is used in the sense of to shut, and not necessarily
with a key, in the dialect of English-speaking South Pembrokeshire".

1 flirtory of W/zalley, p. 500.

2 A wooden latch, worked by a string, and ‘long since displaced,’ and a wooden bolt
or ‘bar,’ like that in Fig. 65, from a destroyed house at Brockhampton, Herefordshire,
are shown in Domestic Architecture in England during t/ze Tudor Period, 11, p. 234, by
Thos. Garner and Arthur Strafton.

3 Ed. Laws, Glossary in Little England beyond Wales, p. 420.

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