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238 DOORS [CH.

The Cat/20122072 Anglicum translates ‘A lok: clatrus, pessulum,
obex, repagulum, sera, vectis,’ and in the same fifteenth-century
dictionary we find ‘A Barre: clatrus, pessulum, obex, repagulum,
vectis,’ so that all the words by which the compiler translated lock
were used by him for the translation of bar, with the exception of
sera. The same dictionary renders ‘a snekk: obex, obecula,
diminutium, et cetera, ubi a Loke.’ Another old vocabulary gives
‘pessulum’ as ‘a lytel lok of tre,’ that is a little wooden lock,
‘a hasp’ : and another defines it as ‘ a latche or a snecke or barre

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Fig. 66. Folding doors of a barn at Wigtwizzle, South Yorkshire.
The battens project on each half-door, forming a means of
fastening the door. They are secured by a loose vertical bar.

of a dore.’ The explanation is that the word ‘lock’ was synony-
mous with the door-bar or stang from which our modern locks are
descended.

In the oldest two-leaved or double-hung barn doors of South
Yorkshire the battens are prolonged on the meeting side of each
door beyond the boards, and they are fixed on the inside of the
door, as usual, for protection from the weather. The prolongation of
the battens is for the purpose of fastening the door, and is a reminder
for us that the battens themselves had their origin as a means

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