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25 LORD CL].VE.

and gardens of the gentlemen of the English settlement. But
he was again encountered and defeated by Clive. More than
a hundred of the French were killed or taken, a loss more
serious than that of thousands of natives. The victorious
army marched from the field of battle to Fort St. David. On
the road lay the City of the Victory of Dupleix, and the
stately monument which was designed to commemorate the
triumphs of France in the East. Clive ordered both the city
and the monument to be rased to the ground. He was induced,
we believe, to take this step, not by personal or national
malevolence, but by a just and profound policy. The town
and its pompous name, the pillar and its vaunting inscriptions‘,
were among the devices by which Dupleix had laid the public
mind of India under a spell. This spell it was Clive’s business
to break. The natives had been taught that France was con-
fessedly the first power in Europe, and that the English did
not presume to dispute her supremacy. No measure could be
more effectual for the removing of this delusion than the public
and solemn demolition of the French trophies.

The government of Madras, encouraged by these events,
determined to send a strong detachment, under Clive, to re-
inforce the garrison of T riohinopoly. But just at this conjunc-
ture, Major Lawrence arrived from England, and assumed the
chief command. From the waywardness and impatience of
control which had characterized Clive, both at school and in
the counting-house, it might have been expected that he would
not, after such achievements, act with zeal and good humour in
a subordinate capacity. But Lawrence had early treated him
with kindness; and it is bare justice to Clive to say that,
proud and overbearing as he was, kindness was never thrown
=1\\'z1_V upon him. He cheerfully placed himself under the
orders of his old friend, and exerted himself as strenuously in
the second post as he could have done in the first. Lawrence
well knew the value of such assistance. Though himself

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