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Clive had commenced operations with his usual vigour. He
took Budgebudge, routed the garrison of Fort William, re-
covered Calcutta, stormed and sacked Hoogley. The Nilb0b:
already disposed to make some concessions to the English, Was
confirmed in his pacific disposition by f-11959 Proofs of their
power and spirit. He accordingly made overtures to the chiefs
of the invading armament, and offered to restore the factory,
and to give compensation to those whom he had despoiled.

Clive’s Phofession was war; and he felt that there W38

something discreditable in an accommodation with Surajah
Dowlah. But his power was limited. A committee, chiefly
composed of servants of the Company who had fled from
Calcutta, had the principal direction of affairs; and these
persons were eager to be restored to their posts and com-
pensated for their losses. The government of Madras, apprised
that war had commenced in Europe, and apprehensive of an
attack from the French, became impatient for the return of the
armament. The promises of the Nabob were large, the chances
of a contest doubtful; and Clive consented to treat, though he
expressed his regret that things should not be concluded in so
glorious a manner as he could wished.

With this negotiation commences a new chapter in the life
of Clive. Hitherto he had been merely a soldier carrying into
effect, with eminent ability and valour, the plans of others.
Henceforth he is to be chiefly regarded as a statesman; and
his military movements are to be considered as subordinate to
his political designs. That in his new capacity he displayed
great ability, and obtained great success, is unquestionable.
But it is also unquestionable that the transactions in which
he now began to take a part have left a. stain on his moral

We can by no means agree with Sir John Malcolm, who is
obstinately resolved. to see nothing but honour and integrity in
the conduct of his hero. But we can as little agree with

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