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LORD CLIVE. 39

pompous language. He placed a garrison in Fort William,
forbade Englishmen to dwell in the neighbourhood, and di-
rected that, in memory of his great actions, Calcutta should
thenceforward be called Alinagore, that is to say, the Port
of God.

In August the news of the fall of Calcutta reached Madras,
and excited the fiercest and bittercst resentment. The cry of
the whole settlement was for vengeance. Within forty-eight
hours after the arrival of the intelligence it was determined
that an expedition should be sent to the Hoogley, and that
Clive should be at the head of the land forces. The naval
armament was under the command of Admiral Watson. Nine
hundred English infantry, fine troops and full of spirit, and
fifteen hundred sepoys, composed the army which sailed to
punish a Prince who had more subjects than Lewis the Fif-
teenth or the Empress Maria Theresa. In October the expe-
dition sailed; but it had to make its way against adverse winds,
and did not reach Bengal till December.

The Nabob was revelling in fancied security at Moorshe-
dabad. He was so profoundly ignorant of the state of foreign
countries that he often used to say that there were not ten
thousand men in all Europe; and it had never occurred to him
as possible, that the English would dare to invade his domi-
nions. But, though undisturbed by any fear of their military
power, he began to miss them greatly. His revenues fell off;
and his ministers succeeded in making him understand that a.
ruler may sometimes find it more profitable to protect traders
in the open enjoyment of their gains than to put them to the
torture for the purpose of discovering hidden chests of gold and
jewels. He was already disposed to permit the Company to
resume its mercantile operations in his country, when he re-
ceived the news that an English armament _was in the Hoogley.
He instantly ordered all his troops to assemble at Moorshe-

dabad, and marched towards Calcutta.
c 4

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