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siderable. He had invested great sums in jewels, then a very
common mode of remittance from India. His purchases of
diamonds, at Madras alone, amounted to twenty-five thousand
pounds. Besides a great mass of ready money, he had his
Indian estate, valued by himself at twenty-seven thousand a
year. His whole annual income, in the opinion of Sir John
Malcolm, who is desirous to state it as low as possible, ex-
ceeded forty thousand pounds; and incomes of forty thousand
pounds at the time of the accession of George the Third were
at least as rare as incomes of a hundred thousand pounds now.
VVe may safely affirm that no Englishman who started with
nothing has ever, in any line of life, created such a fortune at
the early age of thirty-four.

It would be unjust not to add that Clive made a creditable
use of his riches. As soon as the battle of Plassey had laid the
foundation of his fortune, he sent ten thousand pounds to his
sisters, bestowed as much more on other poor friends and rela-
tions, ordered his agent to pay eight hundred a year to his
parents, and to insist that they should keep a carriage, and
settled five hundred a year on his old commander Lawrence,
whose means were very slender. The Whole sum which Clive
expended in this manner may be calculated at fifty thousand

He now set himself to cultivate Parliamentary interest. His
purchases of land seem to have been made in a great measure
with that view, and, after the general election of 1761, he
found himself in the. House of Commons, at the head of a body
of dependents whose support must have been important to any
administration. In English politics, however, he did not take
a prominent part. His first attachments, as we have seen,
were to Mr. Fox; at a later period he was attracted by the
genius and success of Hr. Pitt; but finally he connected him-

self in the closest. manner with George Grenville. Early in
the session of 1764, when the illegal and impolitic persecution

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