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64 LORD CLIVE.

The interest taken by the public of England in Indian
questions was then far greater than at present, and the reason
is obvious. At present a writer enters the service young; he
climbs slowly; he is fortunate if, at forty-five, he can return
to his country with an annuity of a thousand a year, and with
savings amounting to thirty thousand pounds. A great quan-
tity of wealth is made by English functionaries in India; but
no single functionary makes a very large fortune, and what is
made is slowly, hardly, and honestly earned. Only four or
five high political offices are reserved for public men from
England. The residencies, the secretaryships, the seats in the
boards of revenue and in the Sudder courts are all filled by
men who have given the best years of life to the service of the
Company; nor can any talents however splendid or any con-
nections however powerful obtain those lucrative posts for any
person who has not entered by the regular door, and mounted
by the regular gradations. Seventy years ago, less money was
brought home from the East than in our time. But it was
divided among a very much smaller number of persons, and
immense sums were often accumulated in a few months. Any
Englishman, whatever his age might be, might hope to be one
of the lucky emigrants. If he made a good speech in Leaden-
hall Street, or published a clever pamphlet in defence of the
chairman, he might be sent out in the Company’s service, and
might return in three or four years as rich as Pigot or as
Clive. Thus the India House was a lottery-oflice, which in-
vited every body to take a chance, and held out ducal fortunes
as the prizes destined for the lucky few. As soon as it was
known that there was a part of the world where a lieutenant-
colonel had one morning received as a present an estate as
large as that of the Earl of Bath or the Marquess of Rocking-
ham, and where it seemed that such a trifle as ten or twenty
thousand pounds was to be had by any British functionary for
the asking, society began to exhibit. all the symptoms of the

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