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LORD CLIVE. 77

did not come to light till after his death. He kept an exact
account of his salary, of his share of the profits accruing from
the trade in salt, and of those presents which, according to the
fashion of the East, it would be churlish to refuse. Out of the
sum arising from these resources, he defrayed the expenses
of his situation. The surplus he divided among a few at-
tached friends who had accompanied him to India. He always
boasted, and, as far as we can judge, he boasted with truth,
that his last administration diminished instead of increasing his
fortune.

One large sum indeed he accepted. Meer Jaffier had left
him by will above sixty thousand pounds sterling in specie and
jewels: and the rules which had been recently laid down ex-
tended only to presents from the living, and did not affect
legacies from the dead. Clive took the money, but not for
himself. He made the whole over to the Company, in trust
for officers and soldiers invalided in their service. The fund
which still bears his name owes its origin to this princely
donation.

After a stay of eighteen months, the state of his health
made it necessary for him to return to Europe. At the close
of January, 1767, he quitted for the last time the country, on
whose destinies he had exercised so mighty an influence.

His second return from Bengal was not, like his first, greeted
by the acclamations of his countrymen. Numerous causes were
already at work which embittered the remaining years of his
life, and hurried him to an untimely grave. His old enemies
at the India House were still powerful and active; and they
had been reinforced by a large band of allies whose violence
far exceeded their own. The whole crew of pilferers and op-
pressors from whom he had rescued Bengal persecuted him
with the implacable rancour which belongs to such abject
natures. Many of them even invested their property in India
stock, merely that they might be better able to annoy the man

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