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78 LORD CLIVE.

whose firmness had set bounds to their rapacity. Lying news-
papers were set up for no purpose but to abuse him; and the
temper of the public mind was then such, that these arts, which
under ordinary circumstances would have been ineffectual against
truth and merit, produced an extraordinary impression.

The great events which had taken place in India had called
into existence a new class of Englishmen, to whom their
countrymen gave the name of Nabobs. These persons had
generally sprung from families neither ancient nor opulent;
they had generally been sent at an early age to the East; and
they had there acquired large fortunes, which they had brought
back to their.native land. It was natural that, not having had
much opportunity of mixing with the best society, they should
exhibit some of the awkwardness and some of the pomposity of
upstarts. It was natural that, during their sojourn in Asia, they
should have acquired some tastes and habits surprising, if not
disgusting, to persons who never had quitted Europe. It was
natural that, having enjoyed great consideration in the East,
they should not be disposed to sink into obscurity at home;
and, as they had money, and had not birth or high connection,
it was natural that they should display a little obtrusively the
single advantage which they possessed. Wherever they settled
there was a kind of feud between them and the old nobility
and gentry, similar to that which raged in France between the
farmer-general and the marquess. This enmity to the aristo-
cracy long continued to distinguish the servants of the Com-
pany. More than twenty years after the time of which We are
now speaking, Burke pronounced that among the Jacobins
might be reckoned “ the East Indians almost to a man, who
cannot bear to find that their present importance does not bear
a proportion to their wealth."

The Nabobs soon became a most unpopular class of men.
Some of them had in the East displayed eminent talents, and
rendered great services to the state; but at home their talents

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