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80 LORD CLIVE.

the thrifty man at the way in which they spent it. The
Dilettante sneered at their want of taste. The Maccaroni
black—balled them as vulgar fellows. Writers the most unlike
in sentiment and style, Methodists and libertines, philosophers
and bufl”oons, were for once on the same side. It is hardly too
much to say that, during a space of about thirty years, the
whole lighter literature of England was coloured by the feelings
which we have described. Foote brought on the stage an
Anglo-Indian chief, dissolute, ungenerous, and tyrannical,
ashamed of the humble friends of his youth, hating the aris-
tocracy, yet_ childishly eager to be numbered among them,
squandering his wealth on pandars and flatterers, tricking out
his chairmen with the most costly hot-house flowers, and as-
tounding the ignorant with jargon about rupees, lacs, and
jaghires. Mackenzie, with more delicate humour, depicted a
plain country family raised by the Indian acquisitions of one
,of its members to sudden opulence, and exciting derision by an
awkward mimicry of the manners of the great. Cowper, in
that lofty expostulation which glows with the very spirit of
the Hebrew poets, placed the oppression of India foremost in
the list of those national crimes for which God had punished
England with years of disastrous war, with discomfiture in her
own seas, and with the loss of her transatlantic empire. If any
of our readers will take the trouble to search in the dusty
recesses of circulating libraries for some novel published sixty
years ago, the chance is that the villain or sub-villain of the
story will prove to be a savage old Nabob, with an immense
fortune, a tawny complexion, a bad liver, and a worse heart.
Such, as far as we can now judge, was the feeling of the
country respecting Nabobs in general. And Clive was emi-
nently the Nabob, the ablest, the most celebrated, the highest
in rank, the highest in fortune, of all the fraternity. His
wealth was exhibited in a manner which could not fail to
excite odium. He lived with great magnificence in Berkeley

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