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92 LORD CLIVE.

an appeal to the sword seemed inevitable; and the Ministers
were desirous to avail themselves of the services of Clive. Had
he still been what he was when he raised the siege of Patna,
and annihilated the Dutch army and navy at the mouth of the
Ganges, it is not improbable that the resistance of the C010-
nists would have been put down, and that the inevitable sepa-
ration Would have been deferred for a few years. But it was
too late. His strong mind was fast sinking under many kinds
of suffering. On the twenty-second of November, 1774, he
died by his own hand. He had just completed his forty-
ninth year. .

In the awful close of so much prosperity and glory, the
vulgar saw only a confirmation of all their prejudices; and
some men of real piety and genius so far forgot the maxims
both of religion and of philosophy as confidently to ascribe the
mournful event to the just vengeance of God, and to the horrors
of an evil conscience. It is with very different feelings that
we contemplate the spectacle of a great mind ruined by the
weariness of satiety, by the pangs of wounded honour, by fatal
diseases, and more fatal remedies.

Clive committed great faults; and we have not attempted to
disguise them. But his faults, when weighed against his merits,
and viewed in connection with his temptations, do not appear
to us to deprive him of his right to an honourable place in the
estimation of posterity.

From his first visit to India dates the renown of the English
arms in the East. Till he appeared, his countrymen were
despised as mere pedlars, while the French were revered as a
people formed for victory and command. His courage and
capacity dissolved the charm. \Vith the defence of Arcot
commences that long series of Oriental triumphs which closes
with the fall of Ghizni. Nor must We forget that he was
only twenty-five years old when be approved himself ripe for
military command. This is a rare if not a singular distinction.

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