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WARREN HASTINGS. 19

English functionaries assembled in the factory, “I never saw a
native fight so before.” Schitab Roy was involved in the ruin of
Mahommed Reza Khan, was removed from office, and was placed
under arrest. The members of the Council received no intimation
of these measures till the prisoners were on their road to Calcutta.

The inquiry into the conduct of the minister was postponed on
diflerent pretences. He was detained in an easy confinement during
many months. In the mean time, the great revolution which
Hastings had planned was carried into effect. The oflice of
minister was abolished. The internal administration was trans-
ferred to the servants of the Company. A system, a very imperfect
system, it is true, of civil and criminal justice, under English
superintendence, was established. The nabob was no longer to
have even an ostensible share in the government; but he was still
to receive a considerable annual allowance, and to be surrounded
with the state of sovereignty. As he was an infant, it was neces-
sary to provide guardians for his person and property. His person
was intrusted to a lady of his father's harem, known by the name
of the Munny Begum. The office of treasurer of the household
was bestowed on a son of N uncomar, named Goordas. Nuncomar’s
services were wanted; yet he could not safely be trusted with
power; and Hastings thought it a masterstroke of policy to reward
the able and unprincipled parent by promoting the inoffensive
child.

The revolution completed, the double government dissolved, the
Company installed in the full sovereignty of Bengal, Hastings had
no motive to treat the late ministers with rigour. Their trial had
been put off on various pleas till the new organization was complete.
They were then brought before a committee, over which the Go-
vernor presided. Schitab Roy was speedily acquitted with honour.
A formal apology was made to him for the restraint to which he
had been subjected. All the Eastern marks of respect were be-
stowed on him. He was clothed in a robe of state, presented with
jewels and with a richly harnessed elephant, and sent back to ‘his
government at Patna. But his health had suffered from confine-
ment; his high spirit had been cruelly wounded; and soon after
his liberation he died of a broken heart.

The innocence of Mahommed Reza Khan was not so clearly es-
tablished. But the Governor was not disposed to deal harshly.
After a long hearing, in which Nuncomar appeared as the accuser,

s 2

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