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20 WARREN HASTINGS.

and displayed both the art and the inveterate rancour which dis-
tinguished him, Hastings pronounced that the charge had not been
made out, and ordered the fallen minister to be set at liberty.

N uncomar had purposed to destroy the Mussulman adminis-
tration, and to rise on its ruin. Both his malevolence and his
cupidity had been disappointed. Hastings had made him a tool,
had used him for the purpose of accomplishing the transfer of the
government from Moorshedabad to Calcutta-, from native to Euro-
pean hands. The rival, the enemy, so long envied, so implacably
persecuted, had been dismissed unhurt. The situation so long and
ardently desired had been abolished. It was natural that the
Governor should be from that time an object of the most intense
hatred to the vindictive Brahmin. As yet, however, it was ne-
cessary to suppress such feelings. The time was coming when
that long animosity was to end in a desperate and deadly struggle.

In the mean time, Hastings was compelled to turn his attention
to foreign affairs. The object of his diplomacy was at this time
simply to get money. The finances of his government were in an
embarrassed state ; and this embarrassment he was determined to
relieve by some means, fair or foul. The principle which directed
all his dealings with his neighbours is fully expressed by the old
motto of one of the great predatory families of Teviotdale, “ Thou
shalt want ere I want.” He seems to have laid it down, as a funda-
mental proposition which could not be disputed, that, when he had
not as many lacs of rupees as the public service required, he was
to take them from any body who had. One thing, indeed, is to
be said in excuse for him. The pressure applied to him by his
employers at home, was such as only the highest virtue could have
withstood, such as left him no choice except to commit great
wrongs, or to resign his high post, and with that post all his hopes
of fortune and distinction. The Directors, it is true, never enjoined
or applauded any crime. Far from it. Whoever examines their
letters written at that time will find there many just and humane
pentiments, many excellent precepts, in short, an admirable code
of political ethics. But every exhortation is modified or nullified
by a demand for money. “ Govern leniently, and send more
money; practise strict justice and moderation tt-Wards neighbour-
ing powers, and send more money;” this is in truth the sum of
almost all the instructions that Hastings ever received from home.
Now these instructions, being interpreted, mean simply, “ Be the

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