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22 WARREN HASTINGS.

title; but, in the time of Warren Hastings, such an assumption

would have been considered by the Mahommedans of India as a

monstrous impiety. The Prince of Oude, though he held the power,.
did not venture to use the style of sovereignty. To the appellation
of N abob or Viceroy, he added that of Vizier of the monarchy of
Hindostan, just as in the last century the Electors of Saxony and
Brandenburg, though independent of the ‘Emperor, and often in
arms against him, were proud to style themselves his Grand Cham-
berlain and Grand Marshal. Sujah Dowlah, then Nabob Vizier,
was on excellent terms with the English. He hada large treasure.
Allahabad and Corah were so situated that they might be of use to
him and could be of none to the Company. The buyer and seller
soon came to an understanding; and the provinces which had been
torn from the Mogul were made over to the government of Oude
for about half a million sterling.

But there was another matter still more important to be settled
by the Vizier and the Governor. The fate of a brave people was
to be decided. It was decided in a manner which has left a lasting
stain on the fame of Hastings and of England.

The people of Central Asia had always been to the inhabitants
of India what the warriors of the German forests were to the sub-
jects of the decaying monarchy of Rome. The dark, slender, and
timid Hindoo shrank from a conflict with the strong muscle and
resolute spirit of the fair race, which dwelt beyond the passes.
There is reason to believe that, at a period anterior to the dawn of
regular history, the people who spoke the rich and flexible Sanscrit
came from regions lying far beyond the Hyphasis and the Hys-
taspes, and imposed their yoke on the children of the soil. It is
certain that, during the last ten centuries, a succession of invaders
descended from the west on Hindostan; nor was the course of
conquest ever turned back towards the setting sun, till that
memorable campaign in which the cross of Saint George was
planted on the walls of Ghizni.

The Emperors of Hindostan themselves came from the other side
of the great mountain ridge; and it had always been their practice
to recruit their army from the hardy and valiant race from which
their own illustrious house sprang. Among the military adven.
turers who were allured to the Mogul standards from the neigh-
bourhood of Cabul and Candahar, were conspicuous several gallant
bands, known by the name of the Robin Their Services had

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