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father and the oppressor of the people; be just and unjust, mo-
derate and rapacious." The Directors dealt with India, as the
church, in the good old times, dealt with a heretic. They deli-
vered the victim over to the executioners, with an earnest request
that all possible tenderness might be shown. We by no means
accuse or suspect those who framed these despatches of hypocrisy.
It is probable that, writing fifteen thousand miles from the place
where their orders were to be carried into effect, they never per-
ceived the gross inconsistency of which they were guilty. But
the inconsistency was at once manifest to their vicegerent at Cal-
cutta, who, with an empty treasury, with an unpaid army, with
his own salary often in arrear, with deficient crops, with govern-
ment tenants daily running away, was called upon to remit home
another half million without fail. Hastings saw that it was abso-
lutely necessary for him to disregard either the moral discourses
or the pecuniary requisitions of his employers. Being forced to dis-
obey them in something, he had to consider what kind of disobe-
dience they would most readily pardon; and he correctly judged
that the safest course would be to neglect the sermons and to find
the rupees.

A mind so fertile as his, and so little restrained by conscientious
scruples, speedily discovered several modes of relieving the financial
embarrassments of the government. The allowance of the Nabob
of Bengal was reduced at a stroke from three hundred and twenty
thousand pounds a year to half that sum. The Company had
bound itself to pay near three hundred thousand pounds a year to
the Great Mogul, as a mark of homage for the provinces which he
had intrusted to their care; and they had ceded to him the districts
of Corah and Allahabad. On the plea that the Mogul was not
really independent, but merely a tool in the hands of others, Hast-
ings determined to retract these concessions. He accordingly

declared that the English would pay no more tribute, and sent‘

troops to occupy Allahabad and Corah. The situation of these
places was such, that there would be little advantage and great
expense in retaining them. Hastings, who wanted money and not
territory, determined to sell them. A purchaser was not wanting.

The rich province of Oude had, in the general dissolution of the‘

Mogul Empire, fallen to the share of the great Mussulman house
by which it is still governed. About twenty years ago, this house,

by the permission of the British government, assumed the royal
n 3

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