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24 WARREN HASTINGS.

unconquerable British courage which is never so sedate and stub-_
born as towards the close of a doubtful and murderous day?
This was what the Nabob Vizier asked, and what Hastings
granted. A bargain was soon struck. Each of the negotiators.
had what the other wanted. Hastings was in need of funds to
carry on the government of Bengal, and to send remittances to
London ; and Sujah Dowlah had an ample revenue. Sujah Dowlah
was bent on subjugating the Rohillas; and Hastings had at his
disposal the only force by which the Rohillas could be subjugated.
It was agreed that an English army should be lent to the Nabob
Vizier, and that, for the loan, he should pay four hundred thousand
pounds sterling, besides defraying all the charge of the troops while
employed in his service.
“I really cannot see,” says Mr. Gleig, “upon what grounds,
either of political or moral justice, this proposition deserves to
be stigmatized as infamous.” If we understand the meaning
of words, it is infamous to commit a wicked action for hire,
and it is wicked to engage in war without provocation. In
this particular war, scarcely one aggravating circumstance was
wanting. The object of the Rohilla war was this, to deprive a
large population, who had never done us the least harm, of a good
government, and to place them, against their will, under an exe-
crably bad one. Nay, even this is not all. England now de-
scended far below the level even of those petty German princes
who, about the same time, sold us troops to fight the Americans.
The hussar-mongers of Hesse and Anspach had at least the assur-
ance that the expeditions on which their soldiers were to be
employed would be conducted in conformity with the humane
rules of civilised warfare. ‘Vans the Rohilla war likely to be so
conducted? Did the Governor stipulate that it should be so con-
ducted? He well knew what Indian warfare was. He well
knew that the power which he covenanted to put into Sujah
Dowlah’s hands would, in all probability, be atrociously abused;
and he required no guarantee, no promise that it should not be so
abused. He did not even reserve to himself the right of with-
drawing his aid in case of abuse, however gross. We are almost
ashamed to notice Major Scott's plea, that Hastings was justified
in letting out English troops to slaughter the Rohillas, because
the Rohillas were nat of Indian race, but a colony from a distant
country. \Vhat were the English themselves? \Vas it for them

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