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to proclaim a crusade for the expulsion of all intruders from the
countries watered by the Ganges? Did it lie in their mouths to
contend that a foreign settler who establishes an empire in India
is a caput lupinum? What would they have said if any other
power had, on such a ground, attacked Madras or Calcutta, with-
out the slightest provocation? Such a defence was wanting to
make the infamy of the transaction complete. The atrocity of the
crime, and the hypocrisy of the apology, are worthy of each other.

One of the three brigades of which the Bengal army consisted
was sent under Colonel Champion to join Sujah Dow1ah’s forces.
The Rohillas expostulated, entreated, offered a large ransom, but
in vain. They then resolved to defend themselves to the last. A
bloody battle was fought. “ The enemy,” says Colonel Champion,
“gave proof of a good share of military knowledge; and it is im-
possible to describe a more obstinate firmness of resolution than
they displayed.” The dastardly sovereign of Oude fled from the
field. The English were left unsupported; but their fire and
their charge were irresistible. It was not, however, till the most
distinguished chiefs had fallen, fighting bravely at the head of
their troops, that the Rohilla ranks gave way. Then the Nabob
Vizier and his rabble made their appearance, and hastened to
plunder the camp of the valiant enemies, whom they had never
dared to look in the face. The soldiers of the Company, trained
in an exact discipline, kept unbroken order, while the tents were
pillaged by these worthless allies. But many voices were heard
to exclaim, “ We have had all the fighting, and those rogues are
to have all the profit.”

Then the horrors of Indian war were let loose on the fair valleys
and cities of Rohilcund. The whole country was in a blaze. More
than a hundred thousand people fled from their homes to pestilen-
tial jungles, preferring famine, and fever, and the haunts of tigers,
to the tyranny of him, to whom an English and a Christian govern.-
ment had, for shameful lucre, sold their substance, and their
blood, and the honour of their wives and daughters. Colonel
Champion remonstrated with the Nabob Vizier, and sent strong
representations to Fort William; but the Governor had made no
conditions as to the mode in which the war was to be carried on.
He had troubled himself about nothing but his forty lacs; and,
though he might disapprove of Sujah Dowlah’s wanton bar-
barity, he did not think himself entitled to interfere, except by

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