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from the opposition. Under such circumstances, he had thrown
down his pen in misanthropical despair. His farewell letter to
VVoodfall bears date the nineteenth of January 1773. In that letter,
he declared that he must be an idiot to write again; that he had
meant well by the cause and the public; that both were given up;
that there were not ten men who would act steadily together on
any question. “ But it is all alike,” he added, “vile and con-
temptible. You have never flinched that I know of; and I shall
always rejoice to hear of your prosperity.” These were the last
words of J unius. In a year from that time, Philip Francis was on
his voyage to Bengal.

With the three new Councillors came out the judges of the
Supreme Court. The chief justice was Sir Elijah Impey. He
was an old acquaintance of Hastings; and it is probable that the
Governor-General, if he had searched through all the inns of
court, could not have found an equally serviceable tool. But the
members of Council were by no means in an obsequious mood.
Hastings greatly disliked the new form of government, and had
no very high opinion of his coadjutors. They had heard of this,
and were disposed to be suspicious and punctilious. When men
are in such a frame of mind, any trifle is sufficient to give occasion
for dispute. The members of Council expected a salute of twenty-
one guns from the batteries of Fort William. Hastings allowed
them only seventeen. They landed in ill-humour. The first
civilities were exchanged with cold reserve. On the morrow
commenced that long quarrel which, after distracting British
India, was renewed in England, and in which all the most eminent
statesmen and orators of the age took active part on one or the
other side.

Hastings was supported by Barwell. They had not always been
friends. But the arrival of the new members of Council from
England naturally had the effect of uniting the old servants of the
Company. Clavering, Monson, and Francis formed the majority.
They instantly wrested the government out of the hands of
Hastings, condemned, certainly not without justice, his late
dealings with the Nabob Vizier, recalled the English agent from
Oude, and sent thither a creature of their own, ordered the
brigade which had conquered the unhappy Rohillas to return to

the Company's territories, and instituted a severe inquiry into the
conduct of the war. Next, in spite of the Governor-General’a

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