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68 Lesson 10.

verbs have -dan, generally preceded by -i to connect
the termination with the root. The Root of the verb
is formed (in regular verbs) by cutting off the -tan,
-dan or -idan of the Infinitive. The Infinitive Stem
is obtained by merely cutting off the final -an of the
Infinitive: this is called the “Shortened Infinitive”.

The 3rd Sing. of the Preterite Indicative coincides
in form with the Shortened Infinitive, i. e. with the
Infinitive Stem. The other persons of the Preterite
require the addition to this of the Personal Endings (§ 83).

The Imperfect Indicative is formed by prefixing
the particle mi to each person of the Preterite. The
Past Participle adds -eh to the stem of the Infinitive,
i. e. to the 3rd sing. of the Preterite. The Perfect Indi-
cative adds the present of the Verb ast (vide list of
Words prefixed to Exercise II.) to the Past Participle.
The Pluperfect Indicative is formed by adding to the
Past Participle the Preterite of the Verb dean ‘to
be’ (mkie Words prefixed to Exercise 11., and also § 95.)

§ 85. As an example we take the Intransitive
Verb Davidan ($413.3) ‘to run’: but Transitive Verbs

are conjugated in a precisely similar manner;
Infinitive: damn: Infinitive stem: -d¢wid.

(a) Preterite Indicative.

Singular. Plural.
1st Pers.: david-am ((413.3) david-im (c4133) we ran.
I ran.

2““ Pers.: david-i (5413.3) darid—id (41413.3) you ran.
thou rannest. '
3rdl Pers.: david (413.3) he, (lucid-and (4:41p) they ran.
she, it, ran.
(b) Imperfect Indicative.

Singularo Plural.
1“ P.: ml—davidam ((4134,) mi-david‘im (c4234?) l
I was running. we

2'“‘1 P.: mi-davidi (54:343.) mi-davidid (tap-4:.)
thouwast running. you

3‘“ P.: mi-david (41,4?) he mi-dam‘fland(.£a.54._.)
was running. they - J



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