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74 Lesson 11.

Infinitive. Root.
Davidan, to run: dav.
ma'ndan, to remain: man.
kdshtan, to kill: kush.

The Root of the Irregular Verbs has to be learnt
separately; but when it is known, the Tenses and
Moods are formed from it quite regularly in both the
Active and the Passive Voice.

§ 88. The Subjunctive Present (the same tense
exPresses also the Subjunctive Imperfect) is formed
by appending to the Beet the Personal Endings
(§ 83). For the Present Indicative the particle mi is
prefixed to each person of the Present Subjunctive.
The Present Participle adds «in to the Root: the
Agential adds -audeh to the Root. Example:

§ 89. Davidau, to run: Root Dav (,3).

(a) Imperative.
Singular. Plural.
2“ P. dav (,3), ‘run thou" ddv-id (41,33), ‘run ye’.

(b) Snbjunctive Present.
Singular. Plural.
19“ P. ddv-am (r33), I may, ddv-im (6,3) we may, etc.
might, shd., wd.,
run.
2nd P. due-5K6 93)thoumay- dew-id 41,93) you may, etc
est, eta, run.
2rd P. ddv-ad (.ajS) he, she, da’v-a/nd (.633) they may, etc.
it, may, eta, run.

This tense also means ‘Let me, etc., run’, ‘may
I run 1”. In older style it sometimes has a future sense,
but more frequently has the meaning of the Present
Indicative, ‘I run’. However, it is not now used in
these senses in conversation or even in writing, except
in imitation of the antique.

! Pronounced Dau (tide § 9). This must be carefully no-
ticed. So in all such verbs as have a root ending in av: as shinau
(shinav), rau (me), etc.

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