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“As I proceeded I found my philos0pher altogether forsaking mind
or any other principle of order, and having recourse to air and ether, and
water, and other eccentricities. I might compare him to a person who
began by maintaining generally that mind is the cause of the actions of
Socrates, but who, when he endeavored to explain the cause of my several
actions in detail, went on to show that I sit here because my body is
made up of bones and muscles; and the bones he would say are hard
and have ligaments which divide them, and the muscles are elastic, and
they cover the bones, which have also a covering or environment of flesh
and skin which contains them; and as the bones are lifted at their joints
.by the contraction or relaxation of the muscles, I am able to bend my
limbs, and this is why I am sitting here in a curved posture; that is
what he would say, and he would have a similar explanation of my talk-
ing to you, which he would attribute to sound, and air, and hearing, and
he would assign ten thousand other causes of the same sort, forgetting to
mention the true cause, which is that the Athenians have thought fit to
condemn me, and accordingly I have thought it better and more right to
remain here and undergo my sentence; for I am inclined to think that
these muscles and bones of mine would have gone ofl" to Megara or
Boeotia—by the dog of Egypt they would, if they had been guided by
their own idea of what was best, and if I had not chosen as the better and
nobler part, instead of playing truant and running away, to undergo any
punishment which the State. inflicts.”—-PLATO, Jowett’s Translation.

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