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VI.

SCIENTIFIC MA TERIALISIl/I.

THE CELEBRATED FICHTE, in his lectures on the “V0-
cation of the Scholar,” insisted on a culture which should
not be one-sided, but all-sided. The scholar’s intellect
was to expand spherically and not in a single direction
only. In one direction, however, Fichte required that
the scholar should apply himself directly to Nature, be-
come a creator of knowledge, and thus repay by original
labors of his own the immense debt he owed to the
labors of others. It was these which enabled him to sup-
plement the knowledge derived from his own researches,
so as to render his culture rounded and not one-sided.

As regards science Fichte’s idea is to some extent
illustrated by the constitution and the labors of the British
Association. We have a body of men engaged in the
pursuit of Natural Knowledge, but variously engaged.
While sympathizing with each 'of its departments, and
supplementing his culture by knowledge drawn from all
of them, each student among us selects one subject for the
exercise of his own original faculty—one line along which
he may carry the light of his private intelligence a little
way into the darkness by which all knowledge is sur‘
rounded. Thus, the geologist deals with the rocks; the
biologist with the conditions and phenomena of life; the
astronomer with stellar masses and motions; the mathe-
matician with the relations of space and number; the

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