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338 FRAGMENTS OF SCIENCE.

while thus instructing himself that he succeeded in causing
a wire carrying an electric current to ,rotate round a mag-
netic pole. This was not the result sought by Wollaston,
but it was closely related to it.

The strong tendency of Faraday’s mind to look upon
the reciprocal actions of natural forces gave birth to his
greatest discoveries; and we, who know this, should be
justified in concluding that, even had Wollaston not pre-
ceded him, the result would have been the same. But in
judging Davy we ought to transport ourselves to his time,
and carefully exclude from our thoughts and feelings that
noble subsequent life which would render simply impossible
the ascription to Faraday of anything unfair. It would be
unjust to Davy to put our knowledge in the place of his,
or to credit him with data which he could not have pos-
sessed. Rumor and fact had connected the name of Wol-
laston with these supposed interactions between magnets
and currents. When, therefore, Faraday in October pub-
lished his successful experiment without any allusion to
Wollaston, general, though really ungrounded, criticism
followed. I say ungrounded because, firstly, Faraday’s ex-
periment was not that of Wollaston, and secondly, Faraday,
before he published it, had actually called upon Wollaston,
and not finding him at home did not feel himself authorized
to mention his name.

In December Faraday published a second paper on the
same subject, from which, through a misapprehension, the
name of Wollaston was also omitted. Warburton and
others thereupon affirmed that Wollaston’s ideas had been
appropriated without acknowledgment, and it is plain that
Wollaston himself, though cautious in his utterance, was
also hurt. Censure grew till it became intolerable. “ I
hear,” writes Faraday to his friend Stodart, “ every day
more and more of these sounds, which, though only whis-
pers to me, are, I suspect, spoken aloud among scientific

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