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FARADAY. 339

men.” He might have Written explanations and defences,
but he went straighter to the point. He wished to see the
principals face to face—to plead his cause before them per-
sonally. There is a certain vehemence in his desire to do
this. He saw Wollaston, he saw Davy, he saw Warbur-
ton ; and I am inclined to think that it was the irresistible
candor and truth of character which these viva voce de-
fences revealed, as much as the defences themselves, that
disarmed resentment at the time.

As regards Davy, another cause of dissension arose in
1823. In the spring of that year Faraday analyzed the
hydrate of chlorine, a substance once believed to be the
element chlorine, but proved by Davy to be a compound of
that element and water. The analysis was looked over by
Davy, who then and there suggested to Faraday to heat
the hydrate in a closed glass tube. This was done, the
substance was decomposed, and one of the products of de-
composition was proved by Faraday to be chlorine liquefied
by its own pressure. On the day of its discovery he com-
municated this result to Dr. Paris. Davy, on being in-
formed of it, instantly liquefied another gas in the same
way. Having struck thus into Faraday’s inquiry, ought he
not to have left the matter in Faraday’s hands ? I think
he ought. But, considering his relation to both Faraday
and the hydrate of chlorine, Davy, I submit, may be excused
for thinking differently. A father is not always wise enough
to see that his son has ceased to be a boy, and estrange-
ment on this account is not rare ; nor was Davy wise enough
to discern that Faraday had passed the mere assistant
stage and become a discoverer. It is now hard to avoid
magnifying this error. But had Faraday died or ceased to
work at this time, or had his subsequent life been devoted
to money-getting instead of to research, would anybody
now dream of ascribing jealousy to Davy? Assuredly
not. Why should he be jealous? His reputation at this

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