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I 30 WALLS [CH.

the hurdle-like lathing with a rough “daub” cement. Whilst still
wet the clay was scored over to give keying to the finishing coat
of fine plaster, which was itself coloured and often painted with
decorative designs on the inner surface‘.’

More primitive was a partition in a mediaeval house, said to
have been formerly the parsonage, at St Florence, near Tenby,
in English-speaking South Pembrokeshire, which was described to
the writer as having ‘just brambles’ for the found'atiOn for the
daub. The uprights of the wattling followed the same development
as the rafters, from round to rectangular, and the writer has seen
specimens of the latter form in a cottage by St Issell’s church,
near Tenby, and in a cottage at Cymryd, near Conway, the
uprights were about 11} in. square, and the wattles were 'interWOven
round these vertical pieces2. In another wattlework partition in
South Wales, which the writer found in a cOttage at Marros,
Carmarthenshire, the uprights were square but they were fixed
horizontally, like plastering laths, with the upright wattling woven
around them. This was no doubt due to the influence of con-
temporary plaster on laths, and in the well-known but abnormal
example of wattlework exposed in the Elizabethan house, Plas
Mawr, at Conway, the wattle twigs are actually woven in and out
of horizontal riven oak laths. Here the laths are about 21} in. wide
and 3% in. apart: the wattle twigs average .5 in. in thickness, but
some are much smaller, and they are woven alternately round the
laths in the usual manner, that is one in and the next out, as in
basket work. Similar wattlework is to be seen at Penrhyn Old
Hall, between Llandudno and Colwyn Bay, which is possibly earlier
in date.

In a house at Warrington ‘the wattles are rods of hazel, with
the bark on, laid close together in an oblique direction and covered
with a thick coating of clay and cow dung3.’ Probably the rods
were placed in an oblique direction in order to strengthen the wall
against the ‘ howse breker.’

We have now no such buildings as the ‘ frail houses ’ at Morpeth,
which must have been mere hurdles, like the Romano-British
examples discovered by General Pitt-Rivers. Existing wattlework

1 Guy Maynard, ‘Some Account of Saffron Walden Museum’ in the Antz'quarjr,
Oct. 1915 (p. 371). .

2 H. Hughes and H. L. North, 010’ Cottage: qunowdoma, p. 19.

3 S. O. Addy, Evolu/z'on of 1/16 Eng/isle Home, p. 109.

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