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26 WARREN HASTINGS.

offering advice. This delicacy excites the admiration of the
biographer. “Mr. Hastings,” he says, “could not himself dictate
to the Nabob, nor permit the commander of the Company’s troops
to dictate how the war was to be carried on.” No, to be sure.
Mr. Hastings had only to put down by main force the brave
struggles of innocent men fighting for their liberty. Their mili-
tary resistance crushed, his duties ended; and he had then only
to fold his arms and look on, while their villages were burned,
their children butchered, and their women violated. VVill Mr.
Gleig seriously maintain this opinion? Is any rule more plain
than this, that Whoever voluntarily gives to another irresistible
power over human beings is bound to take order that such power
shall not be barbarously abused ? But we beg pardon of our readers
for arguing a point so clear.

We hasten to the end of this sad and disgraceful story. The
war ceased. The finest population in India was subjected to a
greedy, cowardly, cruel tyrant. Commerce and agriculture lan-
guished. The rich province which had tempted the cupidity of
Sujah Dowlah became the most miserable part even of his miser-
able dominions. Yet is the injured nation not extinct. At long
intervals gleams of its ancient spirit have flashed forth ; and even
at this day, valour, and self-respect, and a chivalrous feeling rare
among Asiatics, and a bitter remembrance of the great crime of
England, distinguish that noble Afghan race. To this day they
are regarded as the best of all sepoys at the cold steel; and it was
very recently remarked, by one who had enjoyed great oppor-
tunities of observation, that the only natives of India to whom the
word “gentleman” can with perfect propriety be applied, are to
be found among the Rohillas.

Whatever we may think of the morality of Hastings, it cannot
be denied that the financial results of his policy (lid honour to his
talents. In less than two years after he assumed the government,
he had, without imposing any additional burdens on the people
subject to his authority, added about four hundred and fifty thou-
-sand pounds to the annual income of the Company, besides pro-
curing about a million in ready money. He had also relieved the
finances of Bengal from military expenditure, amounting to near
a quarter of a million a year, and had thrown that charge on the
Nabob of Oude. There can be no doubt that this was a result

which, if it had been obtained by honest means, would have en-

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