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180 Lesson 24.

take the Comparative and Superlative terminations
-tar and Jerri-n.

(g) The prefix nd- with an adjective, participle,
or root of a verb following equals the English un- or
the Latin 512-: as Jlfl.’ (napc'ik), ‘unclean’; nddi’deh, ‘un-
seen’, ‘invisible’; nd-dc‘in, ‘ignorant’; kaqq-nd-shim'is, ‘un-
grateful’; nd-di'dani, ‘that should not be seen’. (Note
that, while nah- or na- is used with finite verbs and
means ‘not’, nd— is used in these compounds.)

(h) The particle ham. (Va), ‘together’ [Lat. con, c0-;
Greek auv-] is frequently compounded with a noun
following, and the adjectives so formed are freqently
used as nouns: as, y (hamva’tan), ‘of the same coun-
try’, ‘a compatriot’; hamshdhri', ‘belonging to the same
city’, ‘fellow citizen’; hamshdgi'rd, ‘fellow-disciple’, ‘school-
mate’, ‘fellow - apprentice’; hamdhdng, ‘harmonious’;
hamrdng, ‘of the same colour’; hamshireh, ‘partaker of
the same milk’, ‘sister’.

(2') The noun gzineh, ‘kind’, ‘sort’, is often com-
pounded with the demonstrative adjectives and 'the
interrogative chih: as, ingz‘meh, ‘like this’, ‘such’: chigz‘meh,
‘of what sort’ (‘how’)? With chih in the form gz‘in it is
contracted into chain, ‘like’ (‘how?’, ‘when’). The word
fam, ‘colour’, is now used only in composition: as
surkhfc'z‘m, ‘redcoloured’.

(7') Many adjectives are formed by repeating a
noun twice and placing a between: as gc‘mdgfi'n (from
gz‘ineh), ‘of difl'erent sorts’, ‘diverse’; bardde (‘breast to
breast’), ‘equal’, ‘level’; sardsdr, (‘head to head’), ‘wholly’
(used adverbially); labdla’b (‘lip to lip’), ‘brimful’;
kashdkdsh, ‘pulling against one another’; mdldma‘l, ‘com—
pletely full’. Sometimes different nouns are united by
d, or various prepositions may come between them
instead of d: as, labbarldb, ‘lip to lip’; sardpa' (sartapa'),
‘cap a pie’, ‘from head to foot’, completely’ (used ad-
verbially); sardzi'r, ‘s10ping’.

Haqq, the truth (one of God’s bar mzi mubdqqaq ast, we know
titles). for certain.
miydn, the loins. {latide ddshtan, to be probable.

taldqi shddan, to meet (in battle). ‘aH-mz'qdltr, mighty, powerful.

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