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modern science, neither of them, indeed, friendly to that
spirit, has placed me here today. These men are the Eng-
lish Carlyle and the American Emerson. I must ever re-
member with gratitude that through three long, cold Ger-
man winters Carlyle placed me in my tub, even when ice
was on its surface, at five o’clock every morning; not
slavishly, but cheerfully, meeting each day’s studies with a
resolute will, determined Whether victor or vanquished not
to shrink from difficulty. I never should have gone through
Analytical Geometry and the Calculus had it not been for
those men. I never should have become a physical inves-
tigator, and hence without them I should not have been
here today. They told me what I ought to do in a way
that caused me to do it, and all my consequent intellectual
action is to be traced to this purely moral source. To Car-
lyle and Emerson I ought to add Fichte, the greatest rep-
resentative of pure idealism. These three unscientific men
made me a practical scientific worker. They called out,
“ Act! ” I hearkened to the summons, taking the liberty,
however, of determining for myself the direction which
effort was to take.

And I may now cry, “ Act I” but the potency of action
must be yours. I may pull the trigger, but if the gun be
not charged there is no'result. We are creators in the
intellectual world as little as in the physical. We may
remove obstacles, and render latent capacities active, but
we cannot suddenly change the nature of man. The “ new
birth ” itself implies the preexistence of the new character
which requires not to be created but brought forth. You
cannot by any amount of missionary labor suddenly trans-
form the savage into the civilized Christian. The improve-
ment of man is secular—not the work of an hour or of a
day. But though indubitably bound by our organizations,
no man knows What the potentialities of any human mind
may be, which require only release to be brought into. ac-

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